A while back on the macsb mailing list there was some discussion about hosting and which VPS provider was the best for a developer’s typical needs. The two competitors that rose out of the discussion were Linode and Slicehost. I’ve used both and decided it would be good of me to post a more comprehensive guide, this is the result.
In essence, the difference between these two companies is their feel.
If you like to tinker, Linode gives you everything you need. If you rather a defined, slick experience, Slicehost is for you.
Server location doesn’t matter as much as it used to, at least when you’re discussing US-based traffic. So while this is a largely unnecessary area of their services, it does matter to some and for that reason I’ve included it.
|Slicehost ||Linode |
|Dallas, TX ||Dallas, TX |
|St. Louis, MO ||– |
|– ||Atlanta, GA |
|– ||Newark, NJ |
|– ||Fremont, CA |
From what I saw, Slicehost provides no way to choose where your Slice (that is, the VPS) is provisioned. Linode, on the other hand, let’s you choose when first setting up the Node (that’s what Linode calls them). Linode also lists their current availability on their website.
Both companies will move your VPS via a support request.
Almost all VPS hosts provide a variety of Linux distributions to choose from, it’s just a matter of selection.
|Distribution ||Slicehost ||Linode |
|Arch Linux 2009.02 ||Yes ||Yes |
|CentOS 5.3 ||Yes ||Yes |
|CentOS 5.2 ||Yes ||Yes |
|Debian 5.0 ||Yes ||Yes |
|Debian 4.0 ||– ||Yes |
|Fedora 11 ||Yes ||Yes |
|Fedora 10 ||Yes ||– |
|Fedora 9 ||– ||Yes |
|Gentoo 2008.0 ||Yes ||Yes |
|Gentoo 2007.0 ||– ||Yes |
|OpenSUSE 11.0 ||– ||Yes |
|Slackware 12.2 ||– ||Yes |
|Ubuntu 9.04 ||Yes ||Yes |
|Ubuntu 8.10 ||Yes ||Yes |
|Ubuntu 8.04.2 LTS ||Yes ||Yes |
Slicehost now offers RedHat EL (currently 5.3) for a monthly charge. This is a huge step-up over Linode for users who require RH Enterprise Support.
Linode also allows you to (somewhat) easily install any custom system, that is really powerful.
[Addendum] – Something I forgot to put in here, but I noticed when Slicehost announced it. Both providers offer kernel select from within their respective managers.
32 or 64-bit? Does it matter?
On the same track as distributions, I should point out that Linode offers both i386 (32-bit) and x86_64 (64-bit) versions of their distributions while Slicehost only offers the latter. This doesn’t make much of a difference, but on a smaller VPS setup (with less RAM), it could be an issue. For the fully skinny on how this might affect you, check out this awesome article by David Welton.
Bandwidth, IP addresses, and High-Availability
Bandwidth obviously varies by pricing plan, which will be looked at later. But generally speaking, when comparing Slicehost and Linode plans side-by-side, Linode offers more bandwidth of Slicehost at equivalent pricing tiers.
Both Linode and Slicehost give 1 dedicated IP address for each VPS, with more purchasable. (You must provide proper justification when applicable.)
Both parties offer private IP addresses for unmetered bandwidth (in the same data-center). Linode offers this immediately upon setting up your Node, Slicehost will accommodate you receiving a support request.
Both companies offer in-depth guides to achieving high-availability / IP-failover.
Want to grow?
Growth typically leads to one of two desires when dealing with a VPS. Either make more of them or make it bigger.
Both providers offer a service where you just “click a button” and their systems will take your VPS down, make a larger one, and copy it over in the same exact state. You simply have to pay the higher price.
Both services providers allow you to “clone” existing systems to create additional copies.
Linode has a rather advanced control panel compared to Slicehost’s SliceManager. It just comes down to how fine-tuned you want your setup to be.
With Slicehost, you are given a premade box with a swap, a disk (based on plan), and the OS installed and setup.
Linode takes a more technical approach. While they do provide a wizard that will automate the deployment process, you actually can make multiple boot profiles, and cut up and setup your disk space into however many images you like. This can be quite powerful and even allows you to install a custom OS if you want to get your hands dirty.
Linode also offers another method on control.
Lish is a shell that you can SSH into that gives you complete control over your server. It’s primary tool is to give you console access to your node (rather than an Ajax page)… but you can do much, much more. It can essentially give you all the essential tools that you normally have to go to the web panel for, in one concise tool.
To really realize how handy this is, you should just view the documentation.
We’ve all reached that point where we realize we shouldn’t have entered that command, or changed that network configuration, or done whatever it was that crashed your box. The point is, it happens. Being able to recover from such a situation is what matters.
Linode has this nice little shutdown “watchdog” named Lassie (Linode Autonomous System Shutdown Intelligent rEbooter) who will automatically reboot your server if it died unexpectedly (that is, you don’t set a proper shutdown via Lish or the control panel). This could make or break your day (or night) while you’re away from your computer.
Both companies offer recovery consoles to allow you to control the server directly in case of emergency.
For some people, it really comes down to this… a pricing comparison. I should point out that Linode has many more pricing tiers, but Slicehost has larger options.
|VPS ||Price (Mo) ||RAM ||Disk Space ||Bandwidth |
|Linode 360 ||$19.95 ||360MB ||16GB ||200GB |
|256 Slice ||$20.00 ||256MB ||10GB ||100GB |
|Linode 540 ||$29.95 ||540MB ||24GB ||300GB |
|512 Slice ||$38.00 ||512MB ||20GB ||200GB |
|Linode 720 ||$39.95 ||720MB ||32GB ||400GB |
|Linode 1080 ||$59.95 ||1080MB ||48GB ||600GB |
|1GB Slice ||$70.00 ||1024MB ||40GB ||400GB |
|Linode 1440 ||$79.95 ||1440 MB ||64GB ||800GB |
|2GB Slice ||$130.00 ||2048MB ||80GB ||800GB |
|Linode 2880 ||$159.95 ||2880MB ||128GB ||1600GB |
|4GB Slice ||$250.00 ||4096MB ||160GB ||1600GB |
|8GB Slice ||$450.00 ||8192MB ||320GB ||2000GB |
|15.5GB Slice ||$800.00 ||15872MB ||620GB ||2000GB |
As you can see, Linode typically gives you more for your money - though I am unable to gain concrete information regarding their private “high-end” dealings.
Both companies having thriving communities surrounding them, though Linode is generally less mainstream and therefore less known.
Slicehost has a nice-sized IRC channel as well as a Campfire chat room. You can hear people discussing Slicehost on Twitter often enough and many well known services run off Slicehost.
Linode is more tight-knit in my experience. They have an IRC channel hosted on OFTC which is lively throughout the day. There are a lot of regulars there that will help anyone who has a problem, or just geek out with you.
It all comes back to the feel. Linode can offer you more if you like to pull the levers and push the buttons, but Slicehost will offer you a more controlled experience, which is quite enjoyable. In the end, I’d say it’s mostly a matter of preference.